18 March 2008 CIX: a detector for spectrally enhanced x-ray imaging by simultaneous counting and integrating
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Abstract
A hybrid pixel detector based on the concept of simultaneous charge integration and photon counting will be presented. The second generation of a counting and integrating X-ray prototype CMOS chip (CIX) has been operated with different direct converting sensor materials (CdZnTe and CdTe) bump bonded to its 8x8 pixel matrix. Photon counting devices give excellent results for low to medium X-ray fluxes but saturate at high rates while charge integration allows the detection of very high fluxes but is limited at low rates by the finite signal to noise ratio. The combination of both signal processing concepts therefore extends the resolvable dynamic range of the X-ray detector. In addition, for a large region of the dynamic range, where counter and integrator operate simultaneously, the mean energy of the detected X-ray spectrum can be calculated. This spectral information can be used to enhance the contrast of the X-ray image. The advantages of the counting and integrating signal processing concept and the performance of the imaging system will be reviewed. The properties of the system with respect to dynamic range and sensor response will be discussed and examples of imaging with additional spectral information will be presented.
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H. Krüger, J. Fink, E. Kraft, N. Wermes, P. Fischer, I. Peric, C. Herrmann, M. Overdick, W. Rütten, "CIX: a detector for spectrally enhanced x-ray imaging by simultaneous counting and integrating", Proc. SPIE 6913, Medical Imaging 2008: Physics of Medical Imaging, 69130P (18 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.771706; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.771706
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