19 March 2008 Analysis of axial spatial resolution in a variable resolution x-ray cone beam CT (VRX-CBCT) system
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Abstract
The Variable Resolution X-ray (VRX) technique has been successfully used in a Cone-Beam CT (CBCT) system to increase the spatial resolution of CT images in the transverse plane. This was achieved by tilting the Flat Panel Detector (FPD) to smaller vrxy angles in a VRX Cone Beam CT (VRX-CBCT) system. In this paper, the effect on the axial spatial resolution of CT images created by the VRX-CBCT system is examined at different vrxx angles, where vrxx is the tilting angle of the FPD about its x-axis. An amorphous silicon FPD with a CsI scintillator is coupled with a micro-focus x-ray tube to form a CBCT. The FPD is installed on a rotating frame that allows rotation of up to 90° about x and y axes of the FPD. There is no rotation about the z-axis (i.e. normal to the imaging surface). Tilting the FPD about its x-axis (i.e. decreasing the vrxx angle) reduces both the width of the line-spread function and the sampling distance by a factor of sin vrxx, thereby increasing the theoretical detector pre-sampling spatial resolution proportionately. This results in thinner CT slices that in turn help increase the axial spatial resolution of the CT images. An in-house phantom is used to measure the MTF of the reconstructed CT images at different vrxx angles.
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Bahram Dahi, Bahram Dahi, Gary S. Keyes, Gary S. Keyes, David A. Rendon, David A. Rendon, Frank A. DiBianca, Frank A. DiBianca, } "Analysis of axial spatial resolution in a variable resolution x-ray cone beam CT (VRX-CBCT) system", Proc. SPIE 6913, Medical Imaging 2008: Physics of Medical Imaging, 69134Y (19 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.773068; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.773068
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