11 March 2008 A rapid and robust iterative closest point algorithm for image guided radiotherapy
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Abstract
Our work presents a rapid and robust process that can analytically evaluate and correct patient setup error for head and neck radiotherapy by comparing orthogonal megavoltage portal images with digitally reconstructed radiographs. For robust data Photoshop is used to interactively segment images and registering reference contours to the transformed PI. MatLab is used for matrix computations and image analysis. The closest point distance for each PI point to a DRR point forms a set of homologous points. The translation that aligns the PI to the DRR is equal to the difference in centers of mass. The original PI points are transformed and the process repeated with an Iterative Closest Point algorithm until the transformation change becomes negligible. Using a 3.00 GHz processor the calculation of the 2500x1750 CPD matrix takes about 150 sec per iteration. Standard down sampling to about 1000 DRR and 250 PI points significantly reduces that time. We introduce a local neighborhood matrix consisting of a small subset of the DRR points in the vicinity of each PI point to further reduce the CPD matrix size. Our results demonstrate the effects of down sampling on accuracy. For validation, analytical detailed results are displayed as a histogram.
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Joseph Barbiere, Joseph Barbiere, Joseph Hanley, Joseph Hanley, } "A rapid and robust iterative closest point algorithm for image guided radiotherapy", Proc. SPIE 6914, Medical Imaging 2008: Image Processing, 691434 (11 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.772194; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.772194
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