1 April 2008 Neurodegenerative changes in Alzheimer's disease: a comparative study of manual, semi-automated, and fully automated assessment using MRI
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Objective quantification of disease specific neurodegenerative changes can facilitate diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring in several neuropsychiatric disorders. Reproducibility and easy-to-perform assessment are essential to ensure applicability in clinical environments. Aim of this comparative study is the evaluation of a fully automated approach that assesses atrophic changes in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). 21 healthy volunteers (mean age 66.2), 21 patients with MCI (66.6), and 10 patients with AD (65.1) were enrolled. Subjects underwent extensive neuropsychological testing and MRI was conducted on a 1.5 Tesla clinical scanner. Atrophic changes were measured automatically by a series of image processing steps including state of the art brain mapping techniques. Results were compared with two reference approaches: a manual segmentation of the hippocampal formation and a semi-automated estimation of temporal horn volume, which is based upon interactive selection of two to six landmarks in the ventricular system. All approaches separated controls and AD patients significantly (10-5 < p < 10-4) and showed a slight but not significant increase of neurodegeneration for subjects with MCI compared to volunteers. The automated approach correlated significantly with the manual (r = -0.65, p < 10-6) and semi automated (r = -0.83, p < 10-13) measurements. It proved high accuracy and at the same time maximized observer independency, time reduction and thus usefulness for clinical routine.
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Klaus H. Fritzsche, Klaus H. Fritzsche, Frederik L. Giesel, Frederik L. Giesel, Tobias Heimann, Tobias Heimann, Philipp A. Thomann, Philipp A. Thomann, Horst K. Hahn, Horst K. Hahn, Johannes Pantel, Johannes Pantel, Johannes Schröder, Johannes Schröder, Marco Essig, Marco Essig, Hans-Peter Meinzer, Hans-Peter Meinzer, } "Neurodegenerative changes in Alzheimer's disease: a comparative study of manual, semi-automated, and fully automated assessment using MRI", Proc. SPIE 6915, Medical Imaging 2008: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 69151V (1 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.767455; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.767455

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