1 April 2008 Automatic segmentation of lung parenchyma based on curvature of ribs using HRCT images in scleroderma studies
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Segmentation of lungs in the setting of scleroderma is a major challenge in medical image analysis. Threshold based techniques tend to leave out lung regions that have increased attenuation, for example in the presence of interstitial lung disease or in noisy low dose CT scans. The purpose of this work is to perform segmentation of the lungs using a technique that selects an optimal threshold for a given scleroderma patient by comparing the curvature of the lung boundary to that of the ribs. Our approach is based on adaptive thresholding and it tries to exploit the fact that the curvature of the ribs and the curvature of the lung boundary are closely matched. At first, the ribs are segmented and a polynomial is used to represent the ribs' curvature. A threshold value to segment the lungs is selected iteratively such that the deviation of the lung boundary from the polynomial is minimized. A Naive Bayes classifier is used to build the model for selection of the best fitting lung boundary. The performance of the new technique was compared against a standard approach using a simple fixed threshold of -400HU followed by regiongrowing. The two techniques were evaluated against manual reference segmentations using a volumetric overlap fraction (VOF) and the adaptive threshold technique was found to be significantly better than the fixed threshold technique.
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M. N. Prasad, M. N. Prasad, M. S. Brown, M. S. Brown, S. Ahmad, S. Ahmad, F. Abtin, F. Abtin, J. Allen, J. Allen, I. da Costa, I. da Costa, H. J. Kim, H. J. Kim, M. F. McNitt-Gray, M. F. McNitt-Gray, J. G. Goldin, J. G. Goldin, } "Automatic segmentation of lung parenchyma based on curvature of ribs using HRCT images in scleroderma studies", Proc. SPIE 6915, Medical Imaging 2008: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 69152K (1 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.769503; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.769503

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