26 March 2008 Advanced ultraviolet cross-link process and materials for global planarization
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The use of a conventional thermal cross-link materials such as negative resists, anti-reflective coating (BARC), and planarizing layers does not lead to excellent planarization for multilevel interconnects, and specially via arrays prior to trench patterning for an advance lithography. The large thicknesses bias between the blanket areas and interconnect areas, and between the blanket areas and via arrays are usually observed. This large thickness bias creates problems during next lithography by narrowing the process latitude. Recently, chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) technology has been proposed to achieve global planarization. However, the CMP planarization technique is very sensitive to pattern density, and chemical etching reaction had high possibility to increase the dielectric constant. The current CMP technique still requires a new investment in the CMP equipment. In this paper, we reported another novel approach for global planarization using UV cross-link material (XUVTM) and the dielectric ultra violet exposure unit in coater equipment (TOKYO ELECTRON LTD CLEAN TRACKTM). This planar technique provides benefits for reducing the thickness bias observed in the 22-65 nm generation lithography and imprint processes. Using this technique, a remarkable reduction in via topography with 1.1 μm as a depth and 0.9-1.0 μm as a diameter has been achieved excellent thickness bias less than 20 nm. And, the planarization of the film obtained from the XUVTM was very high as compared with that of the film obtained from thermal cross-link gap fill material as the reference, particularly under severe coating conditions such as dense patterns.
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Satoshi Takei, Satoshi Takei, Yusuke Horiguchi, Yusuke Horiguchi, Tomoya Ohashi, Tomoya Ohashi, Bang-Ching Ho, Bang-Ching Ho, Yasuyuki Nakajima, Yasuyuki Nakajima, Yuichi Mano, Yuichi Mano, Makoto Muramatsu, Makoto Muramatsu, Mitsuaki Iwashita, Mitsuaki Iwashita, Katsuhiro Tsuchiya, Katsuhiro Tsuchiya, Akira Samura, Akira Samura, Yoshiaki Yamada, Yoshiaki Yamada, Tadayuki Yamaguchi, Tadayuki Yamaguchi, } "Advanced ultraviolet cross-link process and materials for global planarization", Proc. SPIE 6923, Advances in Resist Materials and Processing Technology XXV, 69232K (26 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.771934; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.771934

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