7 March 2008 General imaging of advanced 3D mask objects based on the fully-vectorial extended Nijboer-Zernike (ENZ) theory
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Abstract
In this paper we introduce a new mask imaging algorithm that is based on the source point integration method (or Abbe method). The method presented here distinguishes itself from existing methods by exploiting the through-focus imaging feature of the Extended Nijboer-Zernike (ENZ) theory of diffraction. An introduction to ENZ-theory and its application in general imaging is provided after which we describe the mask imaging scheme that can be derived from it. The remainder of the paper is devoted to illustrating the advantages of the new method over existing methods (Hopkins-based). To this extent several simulation results are included that illustrate advantages arising from: the accurate incorporation of isolated structures, the rigorous treatment of the object (mask topography) and the fully vectorial through-focus image formation of the ENZ-based algorithm.
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Sven van Haver, Sven van Haver, Olaf T. A. Janssen, Olaf T. A. Janssen, Joseph J. M. Braat, Joseph J. M. Braat, Augustus J. E. M. Janssen, Augustus J. E. M. Janssen, H. Paul Urbach, H. Paul Urbach, Silvania F. Pereira, Silvania F. Pereira, } "General imaging of advanced 3D mask objects based on the fully-vectorial extended Nijboer-Zernike (ENZ) theory", Proc. SPIE 6924, Optical Microlithography XXI, 69240U (7 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.771872; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.771872
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