7 March 2008 Manufacturing implementation of 32nm SRAM using ArF immersion with RET
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Proceedings Volume 6924, Optical Microlithography XXI; 69242X (2008); doi: 10.1117/12.773137
Event: SPIE Advanced Lithography, 2008, San Jose, California, United States
Abstract
As the pattern size shrinking down below 1/4 of the exposure wavelength, the NA of exposure tool has to be increased proportionally. The use of hyper NA and immersion exposure system for improving image quality may result in a small workable process window. Hence, resolution enhancement technology (RET) becomes a necessity for semiconductor manufacturing. Previous studies have demonstrated many RETs, such as CPL, DDL, IML and DPT etc. can improve the process window for different applications.1,2,3,4 In this work, we show manufacturing implementation of a 32nm node SRAM cell with different RET approaches. The diffusion, poly, contact, and metal layers were chosen as the target design. The process development project starts from the wafer exposure scheme setting, which includes the multi-exposure, illumination shape and mask type. After the RET has been specified, the process performance indexes, such as MEEF, PW, and CDU are characterized by using both simulation and empirical data. The mask design and OPC is implemented After the mask data preparation step, we then optimize exposure parameters for best printing performance and follow it by verifying actual wafer data. The mask making spec and DFM design rule constrains have been assessed and recommended for 32nm node manufacturing. Also, we have examined the immersion process defect impact and control methodology for production environment. In this paper, we report the result of optimizing RET process (including mask data generation, reticle making specifications, and wafer printing) for 32nm SRAM. With 193nm ultra high NA immersion exposure scanner (such as ASML /1900), it is capable of meeting 32nm SRAM manufacturing requirement.
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Sho-Shen Lee, Cheng-Han Wu, Yongfa Huang, Chien-Hui Huang, Hung-Chin Huang, George KC Huang, Chun-Chi Yu, Michael Hsu, Simon Shieh, Stephen Hsu, T. B. Chiao, "Manufacturing implementation of 32nm SRAM using ArF immersion with RET", Proc. SPIE 6924, Optical Microlithography XXI, 69242X (7 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.773137; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.773137
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KEYWORDS
Resolution enhancement technologies

Photomasks

Optical proximity correction

Semiconducting wafers

Manufacturing

Electroluminescence

Polarization

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