15 April 2008 Improving the electrical conductivity by forming Ni powder chains in a shape-memory polymer filled with carbon black
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Abstract
We demonstrate a simple approach to significantly reduce the electrical resistivity of thermo-responsive shape-memory polymers (SMPs), so that they can be easily triggered for shape recovery by Joule heating at a low electrical voltage. After adding a small amount of Ni micro particles into a polyurethane SMP filled with carbon black (CB), the electrical resistivity is slightly reduced. However, if these Ni particles are aligned into chains (by applying a low magnetic field on SMP/CB/Ni solution and then drying to fix the conductive chains), the drop of electrical resistivity is significant. This kind of SMP composites is suitable for cyclic operation as only micro/nano particles are used. A sample (40×15×1mm) with 10vol% of CB and 0.5vol% of chained Ni can be heated to 80°C for shape recovery at 30 V (1.2 W) of power. This approach is generic and applicable for producing other conductive polymers.
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Xin Lan, Xin Lan, Wei Min Huang, Wei Min Huang, Na Liu, Na Liu, Sy Phee, Sy Phee, Jin Song Leng, Jin Song Leng, Shan Yi Du, Shan Yi Du, } "Improving the electrical conductivity by forming Ni powder chains in a shape-memory polymer filled with carbon black", Proc. SPIE 6927, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2008, 692717 (15 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.776546; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.776546
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