8 April 2008 Robust water leakage detection approach using the sound signals and pattern recognition
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Abstract
Water supply systems are essential for public health, ease of living, and industrial activity; basic to any modern city. But water leakage is a serious problem as it leads to deficient water supplies, roads caving in, leakage in buildings, and secondary disasters. Today, the most common leakage detection method is based on human expertise. An expert, using a microphone and headset, listens to the sound of water flowing in pipes and relies on their experience to determine if and where a leak exists. The purpose of this study is to propose an easy and stable automatic leak detection method using acoustics. In the present study, 10 leakage sounds, and 10 pseudo-sounds were used to train a Support Vector Machine (SVM) which was then tested using 69 sounds. Three features were used in the SVM: average Itakura Distance, maximum Itakura Distance and the largest eigenvalue as derived from Principal Component Analysis. This paper focuses on the Itakura Distance, which is a measure of the difference between AR models fitted to two data sets, and is found using the identified AR model parameters. In this study, 10 leakage sounds are used as a standard reference set of data. The average Itakura Distance is the average difference between a test datum and the 10 reference data. The maximum Itakura Distance is the maximum difference between a test datum and the 10 reference data. Using these measures and the PCA eigenvalues as features for our SVM, classification accuracy of 97.1% was obtained.
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Yuriko Terao, Akira Mita, "Robust water leakage detection approach using the sound signals and pattern recognition", Proc. SPIE 6932, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2008, 69322D (8 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.775968; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.775968
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