21 April 2008 Medium sensing by low-power strobe pulse
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Proceedings Volume 6936, Fourteenth International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics; 693613 (2008) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.783370
Event: Fourteenth International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics, 2007, Buryatia, Russian Federation
At the present time laser systems for atmospheric remote sensing assume the use of powerful pulse lasers in most cases and a signal backscattered from a medium is recorded with a certain step digitization corresponding to the required spatial resolution. Moreover a distance extension of sounding requires essentially disproportionate increase in radiation power and use of complex methods to extend a dynamic range of receiving devices; it also causes the multiple scattering effects which can be difficult to take into account. Qualitatively new approach which allows many by-effects to be avoided is proposed. The approach is based on use of a low-power radiation source (for example, white light) with specified gating, when time of source radiation interruption is equal to a pulse duration of an ordinary lidar (about 10-8 c), and frequency corresponds to a propagation time of radiation in a zone where the multiple scattering can be neglected. Digitization of the recorded backscattered signal can produce by ordinary digital systems as a discrete readout of signals with the same duration. However to increase a reconstruction accuracy for the medium characteristics we propose to reconstruct the average values of these characteristics over the parts commensurable with the sounding path length. The algorithm proposes creation of recording system with corresponding gating for incoming signal. Estimations1 have shown that the measurements with accuracy of ~ 1...10 % become possible in the single scattering over the wide range of atmospheric conditions and for safety source power up to 10-20 watt. Moreover, a linear operating mode for photoelectric multiplier can be easily provided and measurements can be carried out in the daytime with the specified accuracy. Such an approach allows us to increase a precision of measurements and can be applied in various areas from the lidar and radar systems to biological and medical devices.
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Yury Polkanov, Yury Polkanov, A. K. Zhdanovichy, A. K. Zhdanovichy, } "Medium sensing by low-power strobe pulse", Proc. SPIE 6936, Fourteenth International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics, 693613 (21 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.783370; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.783370

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