15 April 2008 Ultra-wideband signal propagation experiments in liquid media
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Abstract
Ultra-wideband (UWB) signals exhibit different characteristics upon propagation through matter compared with narrowband signals. The latter keeping a sinusoidal shape during different forms of signal propagation. The behavior of narrowband signals does not apply to UWB signals in many cases. Presently, the possibilities for development of UWB signaling technology remain largely unexplored. Only a few applications have been developed due to strict regulations by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). In this paper we describe a series of experiments that have been carried out to determine the behavior of UWB signals and their properties. A TEM horn antenna has been made for radiating UWB signals. Experiments on pulse propagation have been carried out including an application to detection of stationary metal objects. A high accuracy in detecting metal objects has been achieved. A procedure for propagating UWB signals through a liquid medium of given salt concentration has been demonstrated, providing a basis for studying UWB signal propagation in biological matter. A new pulsewidth definition was adopted which is suitable for UWB signal propagation.
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Shravan Challa, Shravan Challa, Atindra Mitra, Atindra Mitra, Rastko Selmic, Rastko Selmic, Neven Simicevic, Neven Simicevic, } "Ultra-wideband signal propagation experiments in liquid media", Proc. SPIE 6947, Radar Sensor Technology XII, 694705 (15 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.779007; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.779007
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