11 April 2008 Hyperspectral trace gas detection using the wavelet packet transform
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Abstract
A method for trace gas detection in hyperspectral data is demonstrated using the wavelet packet transform. This new method, the Wavelet Packet Subspace (WPS), applies the wavelet packet transform and selects a best basis for pattern matching. The wavelet packet transform is an extension of the wavelet transform, which fully decomposes a signal into a library of wavelet packet bases. Application of the wavelet packet transform to hyperspectral data for the detection of trace gases takes advantage of the ability of the wavelet transform to locate spectral features in both scale and location. By analyzing the wavelet packet tree of specific gas, nodes of the tree are selected which represent an orthogonal best basis. The best basis represents the significant spectral features of that gas. This is then used to identify pixels in the scene using existing matching algorithms such as spectral angle or matched filter. Using data from the Airborne Hyperspectral Imager (AHI), this method is compared to traditional matched filter detection methods. Initial results demonstrate a promising wavelet packet subspace technique for hyperspectral trace gas detection applications.
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Mark Z. Salvador, Mark Z. Salvador, Ronald G. Resmini, Ronald G. Resmini, Richard B. Gomez, Richard B. Gomez, } "Hyperspectral trace gas detection using the wavelet packet transform", Proc. SPIE 6966, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XIV, 69661T (11 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.777586; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.777586
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