17 April 2008 Efficient super-resolution image reconstruction applied to surveillance video captured by small unmanned aircraft systems
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Abstract
The concept surrounding super-resolution image reconstruction is to recover a highly-resolved image from a series of low-resolution images via between-frame subpixel image registration. In this paper, we propose a novel and efficient super-resolution algorithm, and then apply it to the reconstruction of real video data captured by a small Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS). Small UAS aircraft generally have a wingspan of less than four meters, so that these vehicles and their payloads can be buffeted by even light winds, resulting in potentially unstable video. This algorithm is based on a coarse-to-fine strategy, in which a coarsely super-resolved image sequence is first built from the original video data by image registration and bi-cubic interpolation between a fixed reference frame and every additional frame. It is well known that the median filter is robust to outliers. If we calculate pixel-wise medians in the coarsely super-resolved image sequence, we can restore a refined super-resolved image. The primary advantage is that this is a noniterative algorithm, unlike traditional approaches based on highly-computational iterative algorithms. Experimental results show that our coarse-to-fine super-resolution algorithm is not only robust, but also very efficient. In comparison with five well-known super-resolution algorithms, namely the robust super-resolution algorithm, bi-cubic interpolation, projection onto convex sets (POCS), the Papoulis-Gerchberg algorithm, and the iterated back projection algorithm, our proposed algorithm gives both strong efficiency and robustness, as well as good visual performance. This is particularly useful for the application of super-resolution to UAS surveillance video, where real-time processing is highly desired.
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Qiang He, Qiang He, Richard R. Schultz, Richard R. Schultz, Chee-Hung Henry Chu, Chee-Hung Henry Chu, } "Efficient super-resolution image reconstruction applied to surveillance video captured by small unmanned aircraft systems", Proc. SPIE 6968, Signal Processing, Sensor Fusion, and Target Recognition XVII, 696814 (17 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.767826; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.767826
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