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25 April 2008 Automatic detection and recognition of traffic signs in stereo images based on features and probabilistic neural networks
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Abstract
Considering the problem of automatic traffic sign detection and recognition in stereo images captured under motion conditions, a new algorithm for traffic sign detection and recognition based on features and probabilistic neural networks (PNN) is proposed in this paper. Firstly, global statistical color features of left image are computed based on statistics theory. Then for red, yellow and blue traffic signs, left image is segmented to three binary images by self-adaptive color segmentation method. Secondly, gray-value projection and shape analysis are used to confirm traffic sign regions in left image. Then stereo image matching is used to locate the homonymy traffic signs in right image. Thirdly, self-adaptive image segmentation is used to extract binary inner core shapes of detected traffic signs. One-dimensional feature vectors of inner core shapes are computed by central projection transformation. Fourthly, these vectors are input to the trained probabilistic neural networks for traffic sign recognition. Lastly, recognition results in left image are compared with recognition results in right image. If results in stereo images are identical, these results are confirmed as final recognition results. The new algorithm is applied to 220 real images of natural scenes taken by the vehicle-borne mobile photogrammetry system in Nanjing at different time. Experimental results show a detection and recognition rate of over 92%. So the algorithm is not only simple, but also reliable and high-speed on real traffic sign detection and recognition. Furthermore, it can obtain geometrical information of traffic signs at the same time of recognizing their types.
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Yehua Sheng, Ka Zhang, Chun Ye, Cheng Liang, and Jian Li "Automatic detection and recognition of traffic signs in stereo images based on features and probabilistic neural networks", Proc. SPIE 7000, Optical and Digital Image Processing, 70001I (25 April 2008); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.780418
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