8 May 2008 Recent progress in organic solar cells based on small molecules
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We report on a series of organic solar cells based on heterojunctions of oligothiophene derivatives with varying chain length and C60 fullerenes. Devices are based on either p-i-n or p-i-i structure. In the first the intrinsic photovoltaic active layer is sandwiched between a p-type and n-type doped organic wide-gap layer for hole and electron transport respectively. In the latter the electron transport layer is replaced by a thin layer of wide-gap material as exciton blocker. Through optimization of transport and absorber layers we are able to reach in devices with single heterojunctions an open circuit voltage Voc of about 1V, a short circuit current density Jsc of about 5.6mA/cm2 and a fill factor FF above 50% under an AM1.5 illumination with 1000W/m2. However, still only a small part of the available solar spectrum is used. Thus, based on these materials stacked solar cells have been made to further improve the light absorption. The thickness of each layer is optimized using optical simulations to match the currents delivered by each of the solar cells in the stack. Through the incorporation of a very efficient recombination zone between the stacked solar cells the resulting Voc nearly reaches the sum of the Voc of the two serially connected solar cells.
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Moritz K. Riede, Moritz K. Riede, Rico Schueppel, Rico Schueppel, Kerstin Schulze, Kerstin Schulze, David Wynands, David Wynands, Ronny Timmreck, Ronny Timmreck, Christian Uhrich, Christian Uhrich, Annette Petrich, Annette Petrich, Martin Pfeiffer, Martin Pfeiffer, Eduard Brier, Eduard Brier, Egon Reinold, Egon Reinold, Peter Baeuerle, Peter Baeuerle, Karl Leo, Karl Leo, } "Recent progress in organic solar cells based on small molecules", Proc. SPIE 7002, Photonics for Solar Energy Systems II, 70020G (8 May 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.782232; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.782232

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