Reflector surface deformation due to wind loading on the Nobeyama
45-m antenna has been measured with four LED
lamps on the surface at r = 20 m and two CCD cameras on the central hub as it rotates in azimuth with elevation angles
of 90 and 11 degrees. The side-wind loading of 8.4 m s-1 caused a tilt of 12 arcseconds and an astigmatic deformation of
0.8 mm. The front- and back-wind loading of 9.9 m s-1 induced a vertical displacement variation of 2.3 mm. These largescale
surface deformation profiles have been compared with those of finite element calculations and coefficients of axial
force and yaw moment predicted by a JPL wind tunnel data excerpt.
"Wind induced surface deformation of the Nobeyama 45-m radio telescope", Proc. SPIE 7012, Ground-based and Airborne Telescopes II, 70120V (17 July 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.787910; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.787910