This paper details the design process for AIR-C, the Antarctic Infra-Red Camera, for use with Tohoku University's 40
cm Antarctic telescope. The camera will also be compatible with the planned 2 meter class Japanese telescope at Dome
F. First, we review of the design requirements which shaped the development process. The optical chain receives the
most detailed discussion. The other components will be discussed briefly. The effect of cryogenic temperatures on the
lenses was taken into account during the design process. AIR-C's performance is predicted. Finally, we discuss the
scientific potential for a small Antarctic telescope.