Thermal analysis for the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) optics (the primary mirror segment, the secondary mirror, and
the tertiary mirror) was performed using finite element analysis in ANSYS and I-DEAS. In the thermal analysis, each of
the optical assemblies (mirror, mirror supports, cell) was modeled for various thermal conditions including air
convections, conductions, heat flux loadings, and radiations. The thermal time constant of each mirror was estimated
and the temperature distributions of the mirror assemblies were calculated under the various thermal loading conditions.
The thermo-elastic analysis was made to obtain the thermal deformation based on the resulting temperature distributions.
The optical performance of the TMT optics was evaluated from the thermally induced mirror deformations. The goal of
this thermal analysis is to establish thermal models by the FEA programs to simulate for an adequate thermal
environment. These thermal models can be utilized for estimating the thermal responses of the TMT optics. In order to
demonstrate the thermal responses, various sample time-dependent thermal loadings were modeled to synthesize the
operational environment. Thermal responses of the optics were discussed and the optical consequences were evaluated.