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25 July 2008 Glass mirrors by cold slumping to cover 100 m2 of the MAGIC II Cherenkov telescope reflecting surface
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Abstract
We report on the production and implementation of 100 square panels 1 m x 1 m, based on the innovative approach of cold slumping of thin glass sheets. The more than 100 segments will cover around one half of the 240 m-square reflecting surface of the MAGIC II, a clone of the atmospheric Cherenkov telescope MAGIC I (with a single-dish 17 m diameter mirror) which is already operating since late 2003 at La Palma. The MAGIC II telescope will be completed by the end of 2008 and will operate in stereoscopic mode with MAGIC I. While the central part of the of the reflector is composed of by diamond milled Aluminum of 1m2 area panels (following a design similar to that already used for MAGIC I), the outer coronas will be made of sandwiched glass segments. The glass panel production foresees the following steps: a) a thin glass sheet (1-2mm) is elastically deformed so as to retain the shape imparted by a master with convex profile - the radius of curvature is large, the sheet can be pressed against the master using vacuum suction -; b) on the deformed glass sheet a honeycomb structure that provides the needed rigidity is glued ; c) then a second glass sheet is glued on the top in order to obtain a sandwich; d) after on the concave side a reflecting coating (Aluminum) and a thin protective coating (Quartz) are deposited. The typical weight of each panel is about 12 kg and its resolution is better than 1 mrad at a level of diameter that contains the 90% of the energy reflected by the mirror; the areal cost of glass panels is ~2 k per 1m2. The technology based on cold slumping is a good candidate for the production of the primary mirrors of the telescopes forming the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA), the future large TeV observatory currently being studied in Europe. Details on the realization of MAGIC II new mirrors based on cold slumping glass will be presented.
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G. Pareschi, E. Giro, R. Banham, S. Basso, D. Bastieri, R. Canestrari, G. Ceppatelli, O. Citterio, M. Doro, M. Ghigo, F. Marioni, M. Mariotti, M. Salvati, F. Sanvito, and D. Vernani "Glass mirrors by cold slumping to cover 100 m2 of the MAGIC II Cherenkov telescope reflecting surface", Proc. SPIE 7018, Advanced Optical and Mechanical Technologies in Telescopes and Instrumentation, 70180W (25 July 2008); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.790404
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