23 July 2008 Advancement of the segment support system for the Thirty Meter Telescope primary mirror
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This paper presents refinements to the design of the TMT primary mirror segment passive-support system that are effective in reducing gravity print-through and thermal distortion effects. First, a novel analytical method is presented for tuning the axial and lateral support systems in a manner that results in improved optical performance when subject to varying gravity fields. The method utilizes counterweights attached to the whiffletrees to cancel astigmatic and comatic errors normally resulting when the lateral support system resists transverse loads induced by gravity. Secondly, several central diaphragm designs are presented and analyzed to assess lateral-gravity and thermal distortion performance: 1) a simple flat diaphragm, 2) a stress-relieving diaphragm having a slotted outer rim and a circumferential convolution near the outside diameter, and 3) a flat diaphragm having a slotted outer rim. The latter design is chosen based on results from analytical studies which show it to have better overall optical performance in the presence of gravity and thermal environments.
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Eric C. Williams, Curtis Baffes, Terry Mast, Jerry Nelson, Benjamin Platt, R. J. Ponchione, Eric Ponslet, Shahriar Setoodeh, Mark Sirota, Vince Stephens, Larry Stepp, Alan Tubb, "Advancement of the segment support system for the Thirty Meter Telescope primary mirror", Proc. SPIE 7018, Advanced Optical and Mechanical Technologies in Telescopes and Instrumentation, 701810 (23 July 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.790176; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.790176


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