22 July 2008 Gallium nitride photocathode development for imaging detectors
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Abstract
Recent progress in Gallium Nitride (GaN, AlGaN, InGaN) photocathodes show great promise for future detector applications in Astrophysical instruments. Efforts with opaque GaN photocathodes have yielded quantum efficiencies up to 70% at 120 nm and cutoffs at ~380 nm, with low out of band response, and high stability. Previous work with semitransparent GaN photocathodes produced relatively low quantum efficiencies in transmission mode (4%). We now have preliminary data showing that quantum efficiency improvements of a factor of 5 can be achieved. We have also performed two dimensional photon counting imaging with 25mm diameter semitransparent GaN photocathodes in close proximity to a microchannel plate stack and a cross delay line readout. The imaging performance achieves spatial resolution of ~50μm with low intrinsic background (below 1 event sec-1 cm-2) and reasonable image uniformity. GaN photocathodes with significant quantum efficiency have been fabricated on ceramic MCP substrates. In addition GaN has been deposited at low temperature onto quartz substrates, also achieving substantial quantum efficiency.
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Oswald H. W. Siegmund, Oswald H. W. Siegmund, Anton S. Tremsin, Anton S. Tremsin, John V. Vallerga, John V. Vallerga, Jason B. McPhate, Jason B. McPhate, Jeffrey S. Hull, Jeffrey S. Hull, James Malloy, James Malloy, Amir M Dabiran, Amir M Dabiran, } "Gallium nitride photocathode development for imaging detectors", Proc. SPIE 7021, High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy III, 70211B (22 July 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.790076; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.790076
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