29 August 2008 Polarization modulation of an optical trap's spring constant
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Abstract
Using a Fresnel zone plate, we demonstrate optical trapping with a larger numerical aperture than is commonly available with commercial objective lenses. The zone plate is fabricated onto the inner wall of the fluidic cell and, consequently, focusing is free from on axis aberrations due to an absence of dielectric interfaces. Using zone plates with extremely large focusing angles, we observe an enhanced ellipticity in the trapping volume. For a zone plate with a numerical aperture of 0.986nwater (1.308), we observe a trapping stiffness that is more than four times stiffer perpendicular to the polarization than parallel to the polarization. By rotating the incident linear polarization state, the trapping stiffness along a given direction can be modulated by a factor of four. The ellipticity in the focal volume is due to the presence of an axial field component whose magnitude is proportional to the sine of the focusing angle of the lens.
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E. Schonbrun, E. Schonbrun, K. B. Crozier, K. B. Crozier, } "Polarization modulation of an optical trap's spring constant", Proc. SPIE 7038, Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation V, 70381X (29 August 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.793428; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.793428
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