We have fabricated polycrystalline thin films of liquid crystalline oligothiophene derivatives of ω,
ω'-dioctylterthiophene (8-TTP-8) and ω, ω'-dihexylquarterthiophene (6-QTP-6). In order to evaluate carrier transport properties of the polycrystalline films in lateral and vertical orientations, we measured them by time-of-flight (TOF)
experiments with sandwich type of liquid crystal cells and evaluating device performances of thin film transistors
(TFTs) fabricated on SiO2/Si, respectively. Because of the liquid crystallinity, we could observe non-dispersive transient
photocurrents in polycrystalline films of 8-TTP-8 in spite of thick sample of 16 μm, and determine hole mobility to be
0.3 cm2/Vs. Because of the same reason, in spin-coated thin film of 8-TTP-8, where 8-TTP-8 molecules sit
perpendicular to the substrate, the field effect transistor (FET) mobility was successfully determined to be 0.1 cm2/Vs.
In the same way, we have obtained the TOF and FET mobility for
6-QTP-6 to be 0.03 and 0.04 cm2/Vs, respectively.
On the basis of the present results, we discuss the benefits of the liquid crystallinity in fabricating polycrystalline films
as an organic semiconductor for device applications.