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12 September 2008 Remote phosphor LED modules for general illumination: toward 200 lm/W general lighting LED light sources
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Abstract
Phosphor converted white LEDs are becoming more and more attractive for general lighting applications because of the steadily increasing luminous efficacy numbers reported by LED-suppliers. Despite these high numbers, a further significant improvement step can be made when a low-to-medium brightness (<500 kCd/m2) source is acceptable. The wall plug efficiency of a blue LED is generally better than that of a conventional white LED made from the same die. To take full advantage of this, we have developed medium-brightness LED-modules (~150 kCd/m2) for general lighting in which the phosphor is applied remote from the blue LEDs. By direct comparison with modules in which conventional high power white LEDs with almost identical dies are applied, we have shown that on system level the remote phosphor modules can have up to 50% better efficacy. Using a downlight module as a carrier, we have shown that in the relevant color temperature range of 2700 to 4000K a high CRI (>80) can be obtained in combination with a high luminous efficacy, while the optical efficiency of the module can be over 85%. A module efficacy of over 100 lm/W at 4000K with CRI 80 seems to be within reach, with a long-term expectation of over 180 lm/W. The remote phosphor LED modules deliver well homogenized white light with a Lambertian radiation profile. They are ideal for general illumination, as they combine glare reduction with high system efficacy and enable high optical efficiencies of the luminaries. The RP modules enable forward compatibility by well defined interfaces and optical properties that are decoupled from the actual performance, form factor and number of LEDs in the module. The Philips Fortimo downlight system is based on this remote phosphor concept, featuring forward compatibility and a total system efficacy (including driver) of over 60 lm/W under operating conditions using currently available Luxeon Rebel emitters.
© (2008) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Christoph Hoelen, Huub Borel, Jan de Graaf, Matthijs Keuper, Martijn Lankhorst, Claudia Mutter, Lars Waumans, and René Wegh "Remote phosphor LED modules for general illumination: toward 200 lm/W general lighting LED light sources", Proc. SPIE 7058, Eighth International Conference on Solid State Lighting, 70580M (12 September 2008); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.799502
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