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3 September 2008 Cross-validation of HIRDLS and COSMIC radio-occultation retrievals, particularly in relation to fine vertical structure
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The High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS) instrument was launched on the NASA Aura satellite in July 2004. HIRDLS is a joint project between the UK and USA, and is a mid-infrared limb emission sounder designed to measure the concentrations of trace species, cloud and aerosol, and temperature and pressure variations in the Earth's atmosphere from the upper troposphere to the mesosphere. The instrument is intended to make measurements at both high vertical and horizontal spatial resolutions, but validating those measurements is difficult because few other measurements provide that vertical resolution sufficiently closely in time. However, the FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC suite of radio occultation satellites that exploit the U.S. GPS transmitters to obtain high resolution (~1 km) temperature profiles in the stratosphere does provide sufficient profiles nearly coincident with those from HIRDLS. Comparisons show a good degree intercorrelation between COSMIC and HIRDLS down to about 2 km resolution, with similar amplitudes for each, implying that HIRDLS and COSMIC are able to measure the same small scale features. The optical blockage that occurred within HIRDLS during launch does not seem to have affected this capability.
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J. J. Barnett, C. L. Hepplewhite, S. Osprey, J. C. Gille, and R. Khosravi "Cross-validation of HIRDLS and COSMIC radio-occultation retrievals, particularly in relation to fine vertical structure", Proc. SPIE 7082, Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing and Instrumentation XVI, 708216 (3 September 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.800702;

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