5 September 2008 A quantum stream cipher by Yuen 2000 protocol with nonlinear random number generator
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 7092, Quantum Communications and Quantum Imaging VI; 70920H (2008); doi: 10.1117/12.794584
Event: Optical Engineering + Applications, 2008, San Diego, California, United States
Abstract
A quantum stream cipher by Yuen 2000 (Y-00) protocol with a feedback shift register --- a linear feedback shift register (LFSR) or a nonlinear feedback shift register --- is very attractive in implementing a secure high-speed optical data transmission system for next-generation optical networking. So far, a LFSR has been used in a quantum stream cipher by Y-00 as a running key generator, rather than a nonlinear feedback shift register. But, it is well-known that an appropriately designed nonlinear feedback shift register has larger period and linear complexity than the corresponding quantities of a LFSR driven by a secret key of the same length.Although large linear complexity of a key generator does not immediately guarantee the security of the key generator itself, it forces the eavesdropper at least to collect more measurement data to carry out the attacks. This motivates us to use a nonlinear feedback shift register as a running key generator in a quantum stream cipher by Y-00. The purpose of this study is to make a quantum stream cipher more costly in terms of cryptoanalysis, enhancing the advantages of using a nonlinear feedback shift register. For this purpose, we propose a new randomization technique for a running key generator in this paper.
© (2008) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Kentaro Kato, Osamu Hirota, "A quantum stream cipher by Yuen 2000 protocol with nonlinear random number generator", Proc. SPIE 7092, Quantum Communications and Quantum Imaging VI, 70920H (5 September 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.794584; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.794584
PROCEEDINGS
8 PAGES


SHARE
KEYWORDS
Complex systems

Computer security

Data transmission

Nonlinear optics

Optical networks

Quantum communications

Back to Top