2 October 2008 Prediction of winter wheat grain protein content by ASTER image
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The Advanced technology in space-borne determination of grain crude protein content (CP) by remote sensing can help optimize the strategies for buyers in aiding purchasing decisions, and help farmers to maximize the grain output by adjusting field nitrogen (N) fertilizer inputs. We performed field experiments to study the relationship between grain quality indicators and foliar nitrogen concentration (FNC). FNC at anthesis stage was significantly correlated with CP, while spectral vegetation index was significantly correlated to FNC. Based on the relationships among nitrogen reflectance index (NRI), FNC and CP, a model for CP prediction was developed. NRI was able to evaluate FNC with a higher coefficient of determination of R2=0.7302. The method developed in this study could contribute towards developing optimal procedures for evaluating wheat grain quality by ASTER image at anthesis stage. The RMSE was 0.893 % for ASTER image model, and the R2 was 0.7194. It is thus feasible to forecast grain quality by NRI derived from ASTER image.
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Wenjiang Huang, Wenjiang Huang, Xiaoyu Song, Xiaoyu Song, Jihua Wang, Jihua Wang, Zhijie Wang, Zhijie Wang, Chunjiang Zhao, Chunjiang Zhao, } "Prediction of winter wheat grain protein content by ASTER image", Proc. SPIE 7104, Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology X, 71040Y (2 October 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.800440; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.800440

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