17 October 2008 Defect inspection of imprinted 32 nm half pitch patterns
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Abstract
Step and Flash Imprint Lithography redefines nanoimprinting. This novel technique involves the field-by-field deposition and exposure of a low viscosity resist deposited by jetting technology onto the substrate. The patterned mask is lowered into the fluid which then quickly flows into the relief patterns in the mask by capillary action. Following this filling step, the resist is crosslinked under UV radiation, and then the mask is removed leaving a patterned solid on the substrate. Compatibility with existing CMOS processes requires a mask infrastructure in which resolution, inspection and repair are all addressed. The purpose of this paper is to understand the limitations of inspection at half pitches of 32 nm and below. A 32 nm programmed defect mask was fabricated. Patterns included in the mask consisted of an SRAM Metal 1 cell, dense lines, and dense arrays of pillars. Programmed defect sizes started at 4 nm and increased to 48 nm in increments of 4 nm. Defects in both the mask and imprinted wafers were characterized scanning electron microscopy and the measured defect areas were calculated. These defects were then inspected using a KLA-T eS35 electron beam wafer inspection system. Defect sizes as small as 12 nm were detected, and detection limits were found to be a function of defect type.
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Kosta Selinidis, Ecron Thompson, Ian McMackin, Joseph Perez, S. V. Sreenivasan, Douglas J. Resnick, "Defect inspection of imprinted 32 nm half pitch patterns", Proc. SPIE 7122, Photomask Technology 2008, 71222K (17 October 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.801948; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.801948
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