13 October 2008 The contact condition influence on stability and energy efficiency of quadruped robot
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Abstract
Quadruped robot has attribute of serial and parallel manipulator with multi-loop mechanism, with more DOF of each leg and intermittent contact with ground during walking, the trot gait of quadruped robot belongs to dynamic waking, compared to the crawl gait, the walking speed is higher, but the robot becomes unstable, it is difficult to keep dynamically stable walking. In this paper, we mainly analyze the condition for the quadruped robot to realize dynamically stable walking, establish centroid orbit equation based on ZMP (Zero Moment Point) stability theory, on the other hand , we study contact impact and friction influence on stability and energy efficiency. Because of the periodic contact between foots and ground, the contact impact and friction are considered to establish spring-damp nonlinear dynamics model. Robot need to be controlled to meet ZMP stability condition and contact constraint condition. Based on the virtual prototyping model, we study control algorithm considering contact condition, the contact compensator and friction compensator are adopted. The contact force and the influence of different contact conditions on the energy efficiency during whole gait cycle are obtained.
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Jingtao Lei, Jingtao Lei, Tianmiao Wang, Tianmiao Wang, Feng Gao, Feng Gao, } "The contact condition influence on stability and energy efficiency of quadruped robot", Proc. SPIE 7129, Seventh International Symposium on Instrumentation and Control Technology: Optoelectronic Technology and Instruments, Control Theory and Automation, and Space Exploration, 71291E (13 October 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.807488; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.807488
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