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11 November 2008 Four-wave mixing-based all-optical signal processing with pulsed signal input
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Proceedings Volume 7134, Passive Components and Fiber-based Devices V; 71341U (2008)
Event: Asia-Pacific Optical Communications, 2008, Hangzhou, China
Four-wave mixing (FWM), including phase-insensitive amplification (PIA, no idler input) and phase-sensitive amplification (PSA, with idler input), has been exploited for a wide range of applications in all-optical signal processing, e.g. in-line amplification, wavelength conversion, optical-phase conjugation (OPC), amplitude limiter, phase regeneration, etc. In a lot of those applications, the input signal is pulse. In this paper, the FWM-based signal processing with pulsed signal input is analytically analyzed. A set of exact analytical expressions for the output amplitude and phase is derived, taking into account the pump depletion and the self- and cross-phase modulation (SPM and XPM) from pumps, signal and idler. For PIA, analytical analysis shows that the generated idler pulse is far away from the phase conjugation of the input signal, and that the output signal is not an amplified replica of the input signal. These phenomena are due to both the phase distortion caused by SPM/XPM from signal/idler, and the temporal envelope broadening resulting from pump depletion. Besides, in the frequency domain, the spectral inversion between signal/idler will be destroyed. The induced phase distortions of idler pulses in dual pumps case are found to be much smaller than those of single pump case. For PSA, neglecting the SPM/XPM from signal pulse, chirp-free output signal pulse will be obtained. However, the SPM/XPM from signal will cause frequency chirping to the output. For a pulse-sequence, through the SPM/XPM, amplitude-fluctuation will cause phase-jitter thus destroy the phase regeneration. We found that in some PSA configurations, the frequency chirping and phase-jitter mentioned above will be suppressed. Similar to PIA case, the output signal pulse of PSA may be broadened due to pump depletion. In both PIA and PSA applications, the implications of the phase and shape distortions in all-optical signal processing by FWM are discussed.
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Xiaosheng Xiao, Ping Shum, and Songnian Fu "Four-wave mixing-based all-optical signal processing with pulsed signal input", Proc. SPIE 7134, Passive Components and Fiber-based Devices V, 71341U (11 November 2008);

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