18 November 2008 100 mm integration of III-V and silicon-on-insulator wafers for the realization of distributed feedback silicon evanescent lasers
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Proceedings Volume 7135, Optoelectronic Materials and Devices III; 71351O (2008) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.804544
Event: Asia-Pacific Optical Communications, 2008, Hangzhou, China
Abstract
Abstract 100 mm wafer bonding of InP-based structure and silicon-on-insulator wafers is presented with the use of a lowtemperature (300 °C) O2 plasma-assisted wafer bonding process. An efficient vertical outgassing channels (VOCs) design is developed to eliminate the fundamental obstacle of interfacial voids in bonding due to intrinsic chemical reactions. Generated gas species of H2O and H2 can quickly diffuse to VOCs, etched through-holes to buried oxide layer (BOX), and absorbed by the BOX layer owing to the open network structure and large gas permeability. The interfacial void density is reduced from 55,093 cm-2 down to 3 cm-2, more than five orders of magnitude reduction for appropriate design of VOCs. Uniform patterning of VOCs leads to no outgassing "dead zone" across the entire bonding area, and decrease of the thermal mismatch-induced interfacial strain potentially as well, which both result in the wafer scale-independent bonding. In addition, we present distributed feedback silicon lasers realized on the hybrid silicon evanescent platform. The laser operates continuous wave with a single mode output at 1600 nm. A continuous wave (CW) low threshold of 25 mA with a maximum output power of 5.4 mW is demonstrated at 10 °C. The obtained side mode suppression ratio of 50 dB, 3.6 MHz linewidth, and over 100 nm single mode operation band are comparable to those of commercial III-V DFB devices. These highly single mode lasers may find applications in computer interconnect.
© (2008) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Di Liang, Alexander W. Fang, John E. Bowers, "100 mm integration of III-V and silicon-on-insulator wafers for the realization of distributed feedback silicon evanescent lasers", Proc. SPIE 7135, Optoelectronic Materials and Devices III, 71351O (18 November 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.804544; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.804544
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