19 November 2008 An experimental analysis on OSPF-TE convergence time
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Proceedings Volume 7137, Network Architectures, Management, and Applications VI; 713728 (2008) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.803224
Event: Asia-Pacific Optical Communications, 2008, Hangzhou, China
Open shortest path first (OSPF) protocol is commonly used as an interior gateway protocol (IGP) in MPLS and generalized MPLS (GMPLS) networks to determine the topology over which label-switched paths (LSPs) can be established. Traffic-engineering extensions (network states such as link bandwidth information, available wavelengths, signal quality, etc) have been recently enabled in OSPF (henceforth, called OSPF-TE) to support shortest path first (SPF) tree calculation upon different purposes, thus possibly achieving optimal path computation and helping improve resource utilization efficiency. Adding these features into routing phase can exploit the OSPF robustness, and no additional network component is required to manage the traffic-engineering information. However, this traffic-engineering enhancement also complicates OSPF behavior. Since network states change frequently upon the dynamic trafficengineered LSP setup and release, the network is easily driven from a stable state to unstable operating regimes. In this paper, we focus on studying the OSPF-TE stability in terms of convergence time. Convergence time is referred to the time spent by the network to go back to steady states upon any network state change. An external observation method (based on black-box method) is employed to estimate the convergence time. Several experimental test-beds are developed to emulate dynamic LSP setup/release, re-routing upon single-link failure. The experimental results show that with OSPF-TE the network requires more time to converge compared to the conventional OSPF protocol without TE extension. Especially, in case of wavelength-routed optical network (WRON), introducing per wavelength availability and wavelength continuity constraint to OSPF-TE suffers severe convergence time and a large number of advertised link state advertisements (LSAs). Our study implies that long convergence time and large number of LSAs flooded in the network might cause scalability problems in OSPF-TE and impose limitations on OSPF-TE applications. New solutions to mitigate the s convergence time and to reduce the amount of state information are desired in the future.
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S. Huang, K. Kitayama, F. Cugini, F. Paolucci, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, "An experimental analysis on OSPF-TE convergence time", Proc. SPIE 7137, Network Architectures, Management, and Applications VI, 713728 (19 November 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.803224; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.803224

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