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2 December 2008 Fiber-optic biosensor based on self-mixing interferometry
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Proceedings Volume 7142, Sixth International Conference on Advanced Optical Materials and Devices (AOMD-6); 71420I (2008) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.815269
Event: Sixth International Conference on Advanced Optical Materials and Devices, 2008, Riga, Latvia
Abstract
Self-mixing interferometry is a promising technique for a variety of measurement applications. Using a laser diode with an external cavity as interferometer, the technique offers several advantages over traditional interferometric configurations. This research used a self-mixing interferometer built in our own laboratory. It is based on a blue emitting GaN laser diode with a wavelength of 405 nm. Light is directed through an optical fiber from which a 1-cm section of cladding has been removed, and a cuvette for holding the sample is fixed around this part. Interference patterns, created in the laser cavity, are acquired with a computer-based data acquisition system and later processed using Matlab software. Since samples with different refractive indices create interference patterns with different phases, even small changes in sample concentrations can be measured. However, coupling light into a single-mode optical fiber is a very challenging task, and the setup is very sensitive to external interference like airflows or vibrations. Experiments with the device showed that, in stability measurements, the standard deviation of the recorded fringe pattern shifts was only 1.7 nm. In sample measurements, the refractive index change in the sample chamber varied from 1.0029 to 1.33, corresponding to a fringe pattern shift of 297±4 nm.
© (2008) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Miia Määttälä, Janne Lauri, Matti Kinnunen, Jukka Hast, and Risto Myllylä "Fiber-optic biosensor based on self-mixing interferometry", Proc. SPIE 7142, Sixth International Conference on Advanced Optical Materials and Devices (AOMD-6), 71420I (2 December 2008); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.815269
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