9 February 2009 A method to fabricate hemispherical micro-lens of optical fiber
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According to the preparation of tapered fiber hemispherical micro-lens by hybrid etching and melting, a geometric calculation model for fabricating hemispherical micro-lens at the end of optical fiber by melting tapered flat fiber end into hemispherical fiber end has been developed. If the taper diameter and taper angle are obtainable, the radius of hemispherical micro-lens of the fiber taper after melting can be calculated. Particularly, hemi-spherical micro-lenses of optical fibers with various radii can be fabricated by etching-cleaving-melting method. According to the linear relationship between etching fiber diameter and etching time, as well as the characteristic of fiber volume maintaining constant before and after electric arc melting, the relationship between the radius of fiber hemispherical micro-lens and etching time was deduced in this paper. Through controlling the etching time precisely after calculating the etching rate, which is determined by the sampling and analysis of the etched fiber, the hemi-spherical micro-lenses with different radius at the fiber ends can be produced. The experiments were conduct to test the operability of this method. The results showed that radii of micro-lenses fabricated by the etching-cleaving-melting method made a good coincidence with the designed radius values of 10µm and 20µm.
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Xin Huo, Xin Huo, Shi Pan, Shi Pan, "A method to fabricate hemispherical micro-lens of optical fiber", Proc. SPIE 7158, 2008 International Conference on Optical Instruments and Technology: Microelectronic and Optoelectronic Devices and Integration, 715804 (9 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.807053; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.807053


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