19 February 2009 Enhancement of transdermal delivery of glycerol by micro-needling method combined with sonophoresis
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The light does not penetrate deeply into the skin tissue because of tissue turbidity. Light penetration depth in skin tissue can be increased by using optical clearing agents such as glycerol, glucose and dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO). The stratum corneum prevents most optical skin clearing agent from diffusing into the tissue. Previous studies demonstrated the optical tissue clearing effect using optical clearing agents and presented several physical methods to improve transdermal delivery of optical clearing agents. In previous study, we introduced a micro-needling method to enhance optical clearing efficacy against skin barrier and suggested quantitative analysis method to evaluate the optical tissue clearing efficacy. In this study, we present a new physical micro-needling method combined with sonophoresis to further enhance the optical tissue clearing efficacy. The optical tissue clearing effect was quantitatively evaluated with a modulation transfer function target placed under ex-vivo porcine skin samples. To improve transdermal delivery of glycerol, 70% glycerol solution as optimal concentration was topically applied. In conclusion, the samples treated with micro-needling method and sonophoresis resulted in noticeable optical tissue clearing effect.
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Jinhee Yoon, Jinhee Yoon, Donghee Park, Donghee Park, Taeyoon Son, Taeyoon Son, Jongbum Seo, Jongbum Seo, Byungjo Jung, Byungjo Jung, "Enhancement of transdermal delivery of glycerol by micro-needling method combined with sonophoresis", Proc. SPIE 7161, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics V, 716109 (19 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.809866; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.809866

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