23 February 2009 Electromechanical reshaping of rabbit septal cartilage: a six needle electrode geometric configuration
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Abstract
Electromechanical reshaping (EMR) of cartilage is a novel technique that has significant potential for use in facial reconstructive surgery. EMR achieves permanent shape change by initiating electrochemical redox reactions in the vicinity of stress concentrations, thereby altering mechanical properties of tissue matrix. This study reports the use of a six electrode needle-based geometric configuration to reshape cartilage. Rectangular samples (24 x 12 x 1 mm) of rabbit nasal septal cartilages were bent at a right angle in a precision-machined reshaping jig. Two parallel arrays of three platinum needle electrodes were each inserted into cartilage along the bend at 3 mm from the bend line. One array served as an anode and the other as cathode. Constant voltage at 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 volts was applied to the arrays for 2 minutes. The specimens were then removed from the jig and rehydrated for 15 minutes in phosphate buffered saline. Following rehydration, bend angles and thicknesses were measured. Bend angle increased with increasing voltage and application time. No statistically significant bending was observed below 6 volts for 2 minutes application time. Maximum bend angle of 33 ± 8 degrees or reshaping degree of 33% was observed at 8 volts applied for 2 minutes. Current flow was small (< 0.1 A) for each case. Sample thickness was 0.9 ± 0.2 mm. ANOVA analysis showed that cartilage thickness had no significant impact on the extent of reshaping at given voltage and application time. The six needle electrode geometric configuration conforms to the voltage- and time-dependent trends predicted by previous EMR studies. In the future, the reshaping properties of other geometric configurations will be explored.
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Edward C. Wu, Adam Khan, Dimitry E. Protsenko, Sterling Dubin, Koohyar Karimi, Amanda Lim, Mohammad F. Shaikh, Michael Li, Brian J. F. Wong, "Electromechanical reshaping of rabbit septal cartilage: a six needle electrode geometric configuration", Proc. SPIE 7161, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics V, 716128 (23 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.820701; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.820701
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