18 February 2009 Working sketch of an anatomically and optically equivalent physical model eye
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 7163, Ophthalmic Technologies XIX; 716316 (2009) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.808646
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2009, San Jose, California, United States
Our aim was to fabricate a bench-top physical model eye that closely replicates anatomical and optical properties of the average human eye, and to calibrate and standardize this model to suit normal viewing conditions and subsequently utilize it to understand the optical performance of corrective lens designs; especially multifocal soft contact lenses. Using available normative data on ocular biometrics and Zemax ray-tracing software as a tool, we modeled 25, 45 and 55 year-old average adult human eyes with discrete accommodation levels and pupil sizes. Specifications for the components were established following manufacturing tolerance analyses. The cornea was lathed from an optical material with refractive index of 1.376 @ 589 nm and the crystalline lenses were made of Boston RGP polymers with refractive indices of 1.423 (45 & 55yr) and 1.429 (25yr) @ 589 nm. These two materials served to model the equivalent crystalline lens of the different age-groups. A camera, the acting retina, was hosted on the motor-base having translatory and rotary functions to facilitate the simulation of different states of ametropia and peripheral refraction respectively. We report on the implementation of the first prototype and present some simulations of the optical performance of certain contact lenses with specific levels of ametropia, to demonstrate the potential use of such a physical model eye. On completion of development, calibration and standardization, optical quality assessment and performance predictions of different ophthalmic lenses can be studied in great detail. Optical performance with corrective lenses may be reliably simulated and predicted by customized combined computational and physical models giving insight into the merits and pitfalls of their designs
© (2009) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Ravi Chandra Bakaraju, Ravi Chandra Bakaraju, Klaus Ehrmann, Klaus Ehrmann, Darrin Falk, Darrin Falk, Eric B. Papas, Eric B. Papas, Arthur Ho, Arthur Ho, } "Working sketch of an anatomically and optically equivalent physical model eye", Proc. SPIE 7163, Ophthalmic Technologies XIX, 716316 (18 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.808646; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.808646


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