18 February 2009 Osteoarthritis screening using Raman spectroscopy of dried human synovial fluid drops
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We describe the use of Raman spectroscopy to investigate synovial fluid drops deposited onto fused silica microscope slides. This spectral information can be used to identify chemical changes in synovial fluid associated with osteoarthritis (OA) damage to knee joints. The chemical composition of synovial fluid is predominately proteins (enzymes, cytokines, or collagen fragments), glycosaminoglycans, and a mixture of minor components such as inorganic phosphate crystals. During osteoarthritis, the chemical, viscoelastic and biological properties of synovial fluid are altered. A pilot study was conducted to determine if Raman spectra of synovial fluid correlated with radiological scoring of knee joint damage. After informed consent, synovial fluid was drawn and x-rays were collected from the knee joints of 40 patients. Raman spectra and microscope images were obtained from the dried synovial fluid drops using a Raman microprobe and indicate a coarse separation of synovial fluid components. Individual protein signatures could not be identified; Raman spectra were useful as a general marker of overall protein content and secondary structure. Band intensity ratios used to describe protein and glycosaminoglycan structure were used in synovial fluid spectra. Band intensity ratios of Raman spectra indicate that there is less ordered protein secondary structure in synovial fluid from the damage group. Combination of drop deposition with Raman spectroscopy is a powerful approach to examining synovial fluid for the purposes of assessing osteoarthritis damage.
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Karen A. Esmonde-White, Karen A. Esmonde-White, Gurjit S. Mandair, Gurjit S. Mandair, Francis W. L. Esmonde-White, Francis W. L. Esmonde-White, Farhang Raaii, Farhang Raaii, Blake J. Roessler, Blake J. Roessler, Michael D. Morris, Michael D. Morris, "Osteoarthritis screening using Raman spectroscopy of dried human synovial fluid drops", Proc. SPIE 7166, Optics in Bone Biology and Diagnostics, 71660J (18 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.810057; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.810057

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