12 February 2009 Melanoma thickness measurement in two-layer tissue phantoms using pulsed photothermal radiometry (PPTR)
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Abstract
Melanoma is a malignant tumor of melanocytes which are found predominantly in skin. Melanoma is one of the rarer types of skin cancer but causes the majority of skin cancer related deaths. The staging of malignant melanoma using Breslow thickness is important because of the relationship to survival rate after five years. Pulsed photothermal radiometry (PPTR) is based on the time-resolved acquisition of infrared (IR) emission from a sample after pulsed laser exposure. PPTR can be used to investigate the relationship between melanoma thickness and detected radiometric temperature using two-layer tissue phantoms. We used a Monte Carlo simulation to mimic light transport in melanoma and employed a three-dimensional heat transfer model to obtain simulated radiometric temperature increase and, in comparison, we also conducted PPTR experiments to confirm our simulation results. Simulation and experimental results show similar trends: thicker absorbing layers corresponding to deeper lesions produce slower radiometric temperature decays. A quantitative relationship exists between PPTR radiometric temperature decay time and thickness of the absorbing layer in tissue phantoms.
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Tianyi Wang, Jinze Qiu, Amit Paranjape, Thomas E. Milner, "Melanoma thickness measurement in two-layer tissue phantoms using pulsed photothermal radiometry (PPTR)", Proc. SPIE 7175, Optical Interactions with Tissue and Cells XX, 71750L (12 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.807931; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.807931
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