13 February 2009 Localization of protein-protein interactions among three fluorescent proteins in a single living cell: three-color FRET microscopy
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Proceedings Volume 7183, Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences IX; 71832E (2009); doi: 10.1117/12.814877
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2009, San Jose, California, United States
Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) methodology has been used for over 30 years to localize protein-protein interactions in living specimens. The cloning and modification of various visible fluorescent proteins (FPs) has generated a variety of new probes that can be used as FRET pairs to investigate the protein associations in living cells. However, the spectral cross-talk between FRET donor and acceptor channels has been a major limitation to FRET microscopy. Many investigators have developed different ways to eliminate the bleedthrough signals in the FRET channel for one donor and one acceptor. We developed a novel FRET microscopy method for studying interactions among three chromophores: three-color FRET microscopy. We generated a genetic construct that directly links the three FPs - monomeric teal FP (mTFP), Venus and tandem dimer Tomato (tdTomato), and demonstrated the occurrence of mutually dependent energy transfers among the three FPs. When expressed in cells and excited with the 458 nm laser line, the mTFP-Venus-tdTomato fusion proteins yielded parallel (mTFP to Venus and mTFP to tdTomato) and sequential (mTFP to Venus and then to tdTomato) energy transfer signals. To quantify the FRET signals in the three-FP system in a single living cell, we developed an algorithm to remove all the spectral cross-talk components and also to separate different FRET signals at a same emission channel using the laser scanning spectral imaging and linear unmixing techniques on the Zeiss510 META system. Our results were confirmed with fluorescence lifetime measurements and using acceptor photobleaching FRET microscopy.
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Yuansheng Sun, Cynthia F. Booker, Richard N. Day, Ammasi Periasamy, "Localization of protein-protein interactions among three fluorescent proteins in a single living cell: three-color FRET microscopy", Proc. SPIE 7183, Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences IX, 71832E (13 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.814877; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.814877

Fluorescence resonance energy transfer



Energy transfer

Imaging systems



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