It is generally accepted that molecular motors are utilizing the chemical energy of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
hydrolysis to convert it to the mechanical energy. A set of preliminary data demonstrates that the periodic electric
field can induce transport as well, thus providing the energy to the molecular system.
V. V. Yakovlev, V. V. Yakovlev,
"Electro-magnetic free energy transduction by molecular motors", Proc. SPIE 7185, Single Molecule Spectroscopy and Imaging II, 71850Y (24 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.809914; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.809914