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24 February 2009 Evanescently coupled fs laser-written type II waveguide array in lithium niobate
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Abstract
We report the realization of an evanescently coupled laser-written type II array in χ-cut Lithium niobate. Certain processing parameters allow evanescent fields to extend beyond the regions of damage, while still increasing the index sufficiently to guide light. An array consisting of eleven coupled waveguides was fabricated. Coupling was evaluated by observing discrete diffraction patterns of single waveguide excitations at various array sites. Homogeneous coupling was verified within the array, while the outermost guides are slightly detuned due to being formed by just one damage structure.
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Matthias Heinrich, Felix Dreisow, Alexander Szameit, Jens Thomas, Sven Döring, Stefan Nolte, Andreas Tünnermann, and Antonio Ancona "Evanescently coupled fs laser-written type II waveguide array in lithium niobate", Proc. SPIE 7203, Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers IX, 72030H (24 February 2009); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.814480
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