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16 February 2009 Recent development of nitride LEDs and LDs
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Abstract
We fabricated the high efficiency white LEDs. The white LEDs, the yellow YAG-phosphors-coated small-size (290µm × 500µm) blue LED, designed for minimizing forward voltage. At a forward current of 20mA, the luminous flux, the forward voltage (Vf), the correlated color temperature (Tcp), the luminous efficiency, and the wall-plug efficiency (WPE) are 9.5lm, 2.8V, 5193K, 169Lm/W, and 50.8%, respectively. The high-power white LEDs were fabricated from the larger-size (1mm × 1mm) blue LED chips with the output power of 651mW at 350mA. Flux, Vf, Tcp, luminous efficiency, and WPE of the high-power white LED are 145Lm, 3.09V, 4988K, 134Lm/W, and 39.5%, respectively, at 350mA. This power white LEDs showed total flux of 361Lm at 1A. Moreover, we succeeded in developing high-power and high-efficiency blue laser diodes (LDs) with an emission wavelength at 445nm range by using GaN-based materials. This achievement leads to the full-color laser display applications. We fabricated multi-transverse mode LDs by a single emitter, and adopting φ9mm packages for the reduction of the thermal resistance. The typical optical-output power, voltage and wall-plug efficiency of the LDs at forward current of 1.0A at a temperature of 25ºC was 1.17W, 4.81V and 24.3%, respectively. The catastrophic optical damage at the facets of these LDs did not appear up to 3W in the optical output power. The estimated lifetime of the LDs at a temperature of 25ºC under continuous-wave operation 1.0A in automatic current control condition was over 30,000 hours.
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Atsuo Michiue, Takashi Miyoshi, Tomoya Yanamoto, Tokuya Kozaki, Shin-ichi Nagahama, Yukio Narukawa, Masahiko Sano, Takao Yamada, and Takashi Mukai "Recent development of nitride LEDs and LDs", Proc. SPIE 7216, Gallium Nitride Materials and Devices IV, 72161Z (16 February 2009); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.808682
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