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9 February 2009 Optimization of tapered fiber sample for laser cooling of solids
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Abstract
The physical mechanism of radiation cooling by anti-Stokes fluorescence was originally proposed in 1929 and experimentally observed in solid materials in 1995 by Epstein's research team in ytterbium-doped ZBLANP glass. Some specific combinations of the ions, host materials, and the wavelength of the incident radiation can provide anti-Stokes interaction resulting in phonon absorption accompanied by the cooling of the host material. Although the optical cooling of the Yb3+-doped ZBLANP sample was already observed there are broad possibilities for its improvement to increase the temperature-drop of the sample by optimization of the geometrical parameters of the cooling sample. We propose a theoretical model for an optimized tapered fiber structure for use as a sample in anti-Stokes laser cooling of solids. This tapered fiber has a fluorozirconate glass ZBLANP with a core doped with Yb3+ or Tm3+ ions. As evident from the results of our work, the appropriate choice of the fiber core and the fiber cladding radii can significantly increase the temperature-drop of the sample for any fixed pump power. The value of the maximum of the temperature-drop of the sample increases with an increase in the pump power. The depletion of the pump power causes a temperature gradient along the length of the cooled sample.
© (2009) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Galina Nemova and Raman Kashyap "Optimization of tapered fiber sample for laser cooling of solids", Proc. SPIE 7228, Laser Refrigeration of Solids II, 72280J (9 February 2009); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.807868
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