19 January 2009 Three-dimensional reconstruction from multiple reflected views within a realist painting: an application to Scott Fraser's "Three way vanitas"
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Abstract
The problem of reconstructing a three-dimensional scene from single or multiple views has been thoroughly studied in the computer vision literature, and recently has been applied to problems in the history of art. Criminisi pioneered the application of single-view metrology to reconstructing the fictive spaces in Renaissance paintings, such as the vault in Masaccio's Trinità and the plaza in Piero della Francesca's Flagellazione. While the vast majority of realist paintings provide but a single view, some provide multiple views, through mirrors depicted within their tableaus. The contemporary American realist Scott Fraser's Three way vanitas is a highly realistic still-life containing three mirrors; each mirror provides a new view of the objects in the tableau. We applied multiple-view reconstruction methods to the direct image and the images reflected by these mirrors to reconstruct the three-dimensional tableau. Our methods estimate virtual viewpoints for each view using the geometric constraints provided by the direct view of the mirror frames, along with the reflected images themselves. Moreover, our methods automatically discover inconsistencies between the different views, including ones that might elude careful scrutiny by eye, for example the fact that the height of the water in the glass differs between the direct view and that in the mirror at the right. We believe our work provides the first application of multiple-view reconstruction to a single painting and will have application to other paintings and questions in the history of art.
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Brandon M. Smith, David G. Stork, Li Zhang, "Three-dimensional reconstruction from multiple reflected views within a realist painting: an application to Scott Fraser's "Three way vanitas"", Proc. SPIE 7239, Three-Dimensional Imaging Metrology, 72390U (19 January 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.806255; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.806255
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