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2 February 2009 Anomaly based vessel detection in visible and infrared images
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Proceedings Volume 7251, Image Processing: Machine Vision Applications II; 72510B (2009) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.805513
Event: IS&T/SPIE Electronic Imaging, 2009, San Jose, California, United States
Abstract
Detection of small vessels is a challenging task for navy, coast guard and port authority for security purposes. Vessel identification is more complex as compared to other object detection because of its variability in shapes, features and orientations. Current methods for vessel detection are primarily based on segmentation techniques which are not as efficient and also require different algorithms for visible and infrared images. In this paper, a new vessel detection technique is proposed employing anomaly detection. The input intensity image is first converted to feature space using difference of Gaussian filters. Then a detector filter in the form of Mahalanobis distance is applied to the feature points to detect anomalies whose characteristics are different from their surroundings. Anomalies are detected as bright spots in both visible and infrared image. The larger the gray value of the pixels the more anomalous they are to be. The detector output is then post-processed and a binary image is constructed where the boat edges with strong variance relative to the background are identified along with few outliers from the background. The resultant image is then clustered to identify the location of the vessel. The main contribution in this paper is developing an algorithm which can reliably detect small vessels in visible and infrared images. The proposed method is investigated using real-life vessel images and found to perform excellent in both visible and infrared images with the same system parameters.
© (2009) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Mohammad Moinul Islam, Mohammed Nazrul Islam, K. Vijayan Asari, and Mohammad A. Karim "Anomaly based vessel detection in visible and infrared images", Proc. SPIE 7251, Image Processing: Machine Vision Applications II, 72510B (2 February 2009); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.805513
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