11 March 2009 Visibility of microcalcifications in CCD-based cone beam CT: a preliminary study
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Proceedings Volume 7258, Medical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging; 72580M (2009); doi: 10.1117/12.813806
Event: SPIE Medical Imaging, 2009, Lake Buena Vista (Orlando Area), Florida, United States
In this work, we investigated the visibility of microcalcifications in CCD-based cone beam CT (CBCT) breast imaging. A paraffin cylinder with a diameter of 135 mm and a thickness of 40 mm was used to simulate a 100% adipose breast. Calcium carbonate grains, ranging from 140-150 to 200-212 μm in size, were used to simulate the microcalcifications. Groups of 25 same size microcalcifications were arranged into 5 × 5 clusters. Each cluster was embedded at the center of a smaller (15 mm diameter) cylindrical paraffin phantom, which were inserted into a hole at the center of the breast phantom. The breast phantom with the simulated microcalcifications was scanned on a bench top experimental CCDbased cone beam CT system at various exposure levels with two CCD cameras: Hamamatsu's C4742-56-12ER and Dalsa 99-66-0000-00. 300 projection images were acquired over 360° and reconstructed with Feldkamp's backprojection algorithm using a ramp filter. The images were reviewed by 6 readers independently. The ratios of visible microcalcifications were recorded and averaged over all readers. These ratios were plotted as the function of measured image signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) for various scans. It was found that 94% visibility was achieved for 200-212 μm calcifications at an SNR of 48.2 while 50% visibility was achieved for 200-212, 180-200, 160-180, 150-160 and 140-150 μm calcifications at an SNR of 25.0, 35.3, 38.2, 42.2 and 64.4, respectively.
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Youtao Shen, Lingyun Chen, Shuaiping Ge, Ying Yi, Tao Han, Yuncheng Zhong, Chao-Jen Lai, Xinming Liu, Tianpeng Wang, Chris C. Shaw, "Visibility of microcalcifications in CCD-based cone beam CT: a preliminary study", Proc. SPIE 7258, Medical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging, 72580M (11 March 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.813806; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.813806


Signal to noise ratio


Charge-coupled devices


CCD cameras

CCD image sensors

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