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13 March 2009 Image-based iterative compensation of motion artifacts in computed tomography
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Proceedings Volume 7258, Medical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging; 72581W (2009)
Event: SPIE Medical Imaging, 2009, Lake Buena Vista (Orlando Area), Florida, United States
This paper presents an iterative method for compensation of motion artifacts for slowly rotating computed tomography (CT) systems. The inconsistencies among projections introduce severe reconstruction artifacts for free breathing acquisitions. Streaks and false structures appear and the resolution is limited by strong blurring. The rationale of the motion compensation method is to iteratively correct the reconstructed image by first extracting the motion artifacts in projection space, then reconstructing the artifacts in image space, and finally subtracting the artifacts from the original reconstruction. The perceived motion is extracted in projection space from the difference between acquired and reference projections, sampled from the image reconstructed in a previous iteration step. The initial image is reconstructed from acquired data and is nevertheless considered as the reference, although it contains artifacts. This image is iteratively corrected by subtraction of the estimated motion artifacts. The originality of the technique stems from the fact that the patient motion is not estimated but the artifacts are reconstructed in image space. It can provide sharp static anatomical images on slowly rotating on-board imagers in radiotherapy or interventional C-arm systems. Qualitative and quantitative figures are shown for experiments based on simulated projections of a sequence of clinical images resulting from a respiratory-gated helical CT acquisition. The border of the diaphragm becomes sharper and the contrast improves for small structures in the lungs.
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Colas Schretter, Christoph Neukirchen, Georg Rose, and Matthias Bertram "Image-based iterative compensation of motion artifacts in computed tomography", Proc. SPIE 7258, Medical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging, 72581W (13 March 2009);

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