12 March 2009 Scatter correction for x-ray conebeam CT using one-dimensional primary modulation
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Proceedings Volume 7258, Medical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging; 725820 (2009) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.813849
Event: SPIE Medical Imaging, 2009, Lake Buena Vista (Orlando Area), Florida, United States
Abstract
Recently, we developed an efficient scatter correction method for x-ray imaging using primary modulation. A two-dimensional (2D) primary modulator with spatially variant attenuating materials is inserted between the x-ray source and the object to separate primary and scatter signals in the Fourier domain. Due to the high modulation frequency in both directions, the 2D primary modulator has a strong scatter correction capability for objects with arbitrary geometries. However, signal processing on the modulated projection data requires knowledge of the modulator position and attenuation. In practical systems, mainly due to system gantry vibration, beam hardening effects and the ramp-filtering in the reconstruction, the insertion of the 2D primary modulator results in artifacts such as rings in the CT images, if no post-processing is applied. In this work, we eliminate the source of artifacts in the primary modulation method by using a one-dimensional (1D) modulator. The modulator is aligned parallel to the ramp-filtering direction to avoid error magnification, while sufficient primary modulation is still achieved for scatter correction on a quasicylindrical object, such as a human body. The scatter correction algorithm is also greatly simplified for the convenience and stability in practical implementations. The method is evaluated on a clinical CBCT system using the Catphan© 600 phantom. The result shows effective scatter suppression without introducing additional artifacts. In the selected regions of interest, the reconstruction error is reduced from 187.2HU to 10.0HU if the proposed method is used.
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Lei Zhu, Lei Zhu, Hewei Gao, Hewei Gao, N. Robert Bennett, N. Robert Bennett, Lei Xing, Lei Xing, Rebecca Fahrig, Rebecca Fahrig, "Scatter correction for x-ray conebeam CT using one-dimensional primary modulation", Proc. SPIE 7258, Medical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging, 725820 (12 March 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.813849; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.813849
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